When you manage a large amount of Exchange mailboxes, inevitably someone will leave the organization, and you have to setup autoreplies with a message stating the user is no longer available by email. Common sense dictates we will setup a [email protected] mailbox and add the terminated users as alias’ to that mailbox, but not so fast. After a few days of testing and working with support, we’ve found that setting up a shared mailbox with autoreplies enabled with the terminated user’s unique email address/alias, provides the most consistent results.
We’re not going to go through the myriad of possible scenarios about what your org does with a mailbox after a user leaves. Instead, we’ll assume the mailbox is now deleted, and forwarding of mail bound for that mailbox is no longer necessary. To be on the safe side, ensure you back up the mailbox in some way before deleting the mail.
When testing auto replies, you may want to use the Exchange Message Tracker to see the messages come in and go out. To get there, go to O365 Admin > Exchange > Mail Flow > Message Trace.
A good thing to note here is that while performing a message trace, when sending test messages to the newly created shared mailbox with Automatic Replies enabled from within the same tenant or domain, auto reply messages may Drop with the following error:
This Drop message is actually an intended action, and is not an error, as it is probably used to prevent a loop of autoreplies within the same tenant.
Getting back to our original issue, to generate autoreplies, we first tried to setup a “[email protected]” shared mailbox and add terminated user’s email addresses as aliases to the noreply box, but we got inconsistent results. Instead, we did the following.
How to Setup Automatic Replies for a Terminated User Mailbox
Create a shared mailbox with the terminated user’s email address. To do this go to 365 Admin Center > Groups > Shared mailboxes > Add a shared mailbox > Give the shared mailbox a name like “JDoe Term AutoReply” > Give the shared mailbox the (previously/actually used) email address of the terminated user. This does not use a mailbox license thereby freeing up a license. Alternatively, you can try simply converting the terminated user’s mailbox to a shared mailbox, but we had an inconsistent result doing this.
Next, simply click on the details of the shared mailbox, and under Automatic replies, click the Edit link:
Next place Checkmarks in both “Send automatic replies to senders inside this organization” and “Send automatic replies to senders outside this organization”
Add a reply blurb which can be something similar to the following:
The Representative you are trying to contact is no longer affiliated with this Corporation. You will be receiving communication with more information pertaining to the transition of the Representative on your account. If you have an urgent matter and would like to speak with someone, please call our Service Center at 800-555-5555 between the hours of 6am-5pm (PST).
Click “Save” at the bottom and you should be all set.
If you want to test, you can try sending an email from an account outside your organization. *Note – when we sent a test message from gmail, the autoreply ended up going into the gmail account’s spam folder.
If further errors are encountered, you may need to look at your spam/external forwarding policies in your mail filtering site at https://protection.office.com/antispam or reach out to MS Support.
If you have recently enabled MFA multi factor authentication or 2FA on your Office 365 tenant, your Microsoft Outlook for Office 365 MSO 16.0.11929 (desktop version) users may be prompted over and over for their password, even though you are sure you have the correct password and even the apppassword / app password hash. I’m sure you’ve tried to re-configure Outlook, look at Azure settings, reinstall Outlook, check your autodiscover records, make sure you have the correct Office Suite version and perhaps have even attempted to change the windows 10 registry with the following settings:
So I thought it would be helpful to have a step-by-step how to enable modern authentication in Exchange Online for Office 365 based on the instructions provided in the link above.
With MFA enabled, connecting to Exchange Online with powershell is not as simple as it used to be, but still not all that bad. I’ve found the easiest way to connect to Exchange Online with Powershell is to do the following.
Note: A forewarning here, with certain browsers, when clicking on the Exchange Hybrid “Configure” button, and then installing the Hybrid configuration, the Office 365 login screen may may flash on the screen as a white box, and then disappears before you can authenticate and use your 2FA txt code. I’ve seen this when using Microsoft Edge, Chrome, and even the new version of Microsoft Edge based on Chromium. The only browser I’ve gotten this to consistently work with is the Internet Explorer browser built into Windows 10. The Internet Explorer browser is installed on Windows 10 by default, it’s hidden in the start menu under Accessories:
If you do attempt to run the Exchange Powershell Module using chrome you may encounter the error:
“Application cannot be started. Contact the application vendor.”
When clicking the Details… button, you may find information similar to the following:
PLATFORM VERSION INFO
Windows : 10.0.18363.0 (Win32NT)
Common Language Runtime : 4.0.30319.42000
System.Deployment.dll : 4.8.3752.0 built by: NET48REL1
clr.dll : 4.8.4121.0 built by: NET48REL1LAST_C
dfdll.dll : 4.8.3752.0 built by: NET48REL1
dfshim.dll : 10.0.18362.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800)
Deployment url : file:///C:/Users/Jason/Downloads/Microsoft.Online.CSE.PSModule.Client%20(3).application
Deployment Identity : Microsoft.Online.CSE.PSModule.Client.application, Version=16.0.3527.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=45baf49ae30bdb15, processorArchitecture=msil
* Installable application.
* Trust url parameter is set.
Below is a summary of the errors, details of these errors are listed later in the log.
* Activation of C:\Users\Jason\Downloads\Microsoft.Online.CSE.PSModule.Client (3).application resulted in exception. Following failure messages were detected:
+ Deployment and application do not have matching security zones.
COMPONENT STORE TRANSACTION FAILURE SUMMARY
No transaction error was detected.
There were no warnings during this operation.
OPERATION PROGRESS STATUS
* [4/3/2020 3:32:57 PM] : Activation of C:\Users\Jason\Downloads\Microsoft.Online.CSE.PSModule.Client (3).application has started.
* [4/3/2020 3:32:57 PM] : Processing of deployment manifest has successfully completed.
* [4/3/2020 3:32:57 PM] : Installation of the application has started.
Following errors were detected during this operation.
* [4/3/2020 3:32:57 PM] System.Deployment.Application.InvalidDeploymentException (Zone)
- Deployment and application do not have matching security zones.
- Source: System.Deployment
- Stack trace:
at System.Deployment.Application.DownloadManager.DownloadApplicationManifest(AssemblyManifest deploymentManifest, String targetDir, Uri deploymentUri, IDownloadNotification notification, DownloadOptions options, Uri& appSourceUri, String& appManifestPath)
at System.Deployment.Application.ApplicationActivator.DownloadApplication(SubscriptionState subState, ActivationDescription actDesc, Int64 transactionId, TempDirectory& downloadTemp)
at System.Deployment.Application.ApplicationActivator.InstallApplication(SubscriptionState& subState, ActivationDescription actDesc)
at System.Deployment.Application.ApplicationActivator.PerformDeploymentActivation(Uri activationUri, Boolean isShortcut, String textualSubId, String deploymentProviderUrlFromExtension, BrowserSettings browserSettings, String& errorPageUrl, Uri& deploymentUri)
at System.Deployment.Application.ApplicationActivator.PerformDeploymentActivationWithRetry(Uri activationUri, Boolean isShortcut, String textualSubId, String deploymentProviderUrlFromExtension, BrowserSettings browserSettings, String& errorPageUrl)
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
at System.Deployment.Application.ApplicationActivator.PerformDeploymentActivationWithRetry(Uri activationUri, Boolean isShortcut, String textualSubId, String deploymentProviderUrlFromExtension, BrowserSettings browserSettings, String& errorPageUrl)
at System.Deployment.Application.ApplicationActivator.ActivateDeploymentWorker(Object state)
COMPONENT STORE TRANSACTION DETAILS
No transaction information is available.
At this point, it may be necessary to uninstall the existing module and then re-install and run using Internet Explorer. You may even receive the following error:
"You cannot start application Microsoft Exchange Online Powershell Module from this location because it is already installed from a different location."
To uninstall the module, click the Start Button > type “appwiz.cpl” and press Enter.
Inside of the Programs and Features screen find the application and click Uninstall.
After uninstall, log into your tenant (with an administrator account) at https://www.office.com using Internet Explorer 11, and click the Admin link:
Next, Expand the Menu on the left menu by clicking Show All… and then click on Exchange:
Next we want to click on the Hybrid link to get to our Powershell Configure button:
Go ahead and install the component if it asks, and when it completes, you’ll be greeted with a Windows Powershell screen with the following message:
Experience the fast and reliable Exchange PowerShell V2 Cmdlets via new PowerShellGallery module. Go to https://aka.ms/exops-docs
This PowerShell module allows you to connect to Exchange Online service.
To connect, use: Connect-EXOPSSession -UserPrincipalName <your UPN>
This PowerShell module allows you to connect Exchange Online Protection and Security & Compliance Center services also.
To connect, use: Connect-IPPSSession -UserPrincipalName <your UPN>
To get additional information, use: Get-Help Connect-EXOPSSession, or Get-Help Connect-IPPSSession
We now want to initiate our session using the instructions provided. At the prompt, type in the command:
That’s about it! Give the setting about an hour to propagate and then try testing Outlook on the desktop again. You may get a few clients where their profile needs to be recreated. You can do this by going into the control panel > (1) choose Small Icons > (2) Mail Microsoft Outlook 2016.
Then click Show Profiles
Now when setting up the new mail account, you should be prompted with the modern authentication and you’ll be prompted for your txt code or Microsoft Authentication Application.
A user complained that valid good email was being sent to the Junk email folder on outlook on the web. To get to the setting, click on the Gear Icon > View all outlook settings > Junk Email. Attempts to uncheck “Only trust email from addresses in my safe senders and domains list and safe mailing lists.” were unsuccessful and we cannot save the setting.
trying to install Microsoft Visio or Publisher with a Volume License MAK
license key alongside Office 365 Pro Plus, the Visio .iso installer may give
the error: “this version of O365 does not get along with the Installer, or you
cannot install 32bit with 64bit”. You may even have tried uninstalling the 32
bit version of Office, install the 64 bit version, only to receive the same
exact message. You may find installing 64 bit Visio Volume License with 64 bit
Office 2016 Pro Plus doesn’t work, nor does 32 bit with 32 bit, nor 64 bit with
32 bit. It can be frustrating.
The problem is that Microsoft has moved away from mixing the Volume License .iso installations (downloaded from the Volume Licensing website here: https://www.microsoft.com/Licensing/servicecenter/default.aspx ) – on the same computer with the “Click to Run” versions of Office you typically download from within Office 365 online. Instead, to get around the issue, you need to use the Office Deployment Tool. This will allow you build a build a package you’ll run from the command prompt to install for example, Visio or Publisher, on the same computer as Office 365 Pro Plus Click to Run. The configuration and setup is not all too difficult and we’ve documented the installation instructions below.
*NOTE: While I’ve found Visio .ISO/MAK can be happy with CTR, and although I have gotten it to work in a few instances, I wholeheartedly recommend to bite the bullet and use O365 Visio monthly licensing alongside the O365 Click-to-Run suite. It’s orders of magnitude easier to deploy Visio with O365 than to mix CTR with ISO’s/MAKs! It will save you worlds of frustration when someone moves to a new PC, or MAK licensing changes. Instead, go to Office365 licensing, purchase a Visio license, and assign it to a user. Any money saved by mixing MAK licensing with click to run, in my opinion is not worth the headache. That being said, a lot of the instructions below are relevant to a sysadmin’s job, and you should be familiar with how the deployment tools and office ‘configurator’ works, so read on.
The first thing we need to do is download the Office deployment tool from the following site:
At this website you can log into your office account (Recommended), or alternatively choose to continue without signing in:
In our example we’ll create the file by logging in first by clicking “Sign in.”
Once logged in, click on Customization > Device Configuration > +Create.
You’ll notice in the screenshot above we’ve already created a customization file which installs the 64 Bit version of Office Click to Run along with Visio 2016 Standard Volume license. We can download ImageFileNamethis configuration file again at a later date if we lose our .xml file.
In this example, we’ll create a customized file that pairs and combines installations of 32bit Office 365 Pro Plus with Visio Standard 2016 Volume License.
Click on the + Create button.
We first give the configuration a title, something like:
Our configuration will be setup something similar to the following:
Take note that Office365 has different versions, and you click the “Learn More” link to decide which version to install or accept the default “Latest”. You might want to install the version that all of your other deployed Office365 versions are using. If you choose “Latest” you’ll most likely get a newer version of Office365 installed than everyone else. As a reference, I’ve copied one of the version tables below:
Also take a look at the primary language, and any other Office Suite apps you don’t want installed. It’s worth it to click through each heading to see what’s inside.
Next, we need to provide our Visio Standard 2016 volume license key. Do this by first logging into the Microsoft Volume Licensing Center here: https://www.microsoft.com/Licensing/servicecenter/default.aspx , find your product, your version, expand the license keys, and copy the license key into the Office Customization Tool under the heading Licensing and Activation > Product Key > Multiple Activation Key:
Finish by clicking Done in the upper right-hand corner.
Next, place a check next to the configuration file we’ve just created and click Download:
Once you’ve downloaded the .xml file, copy it into the c:\admin\ODT folder.
Open the command prompt on the computer onto which we’ll be installing Office 365 and Visio.
Change directory to c:\admin\ODT with the command:
Run the setup.exe tool from the command Prompt first with the /download switch, followed by the name of your .xml configuration file (use tab to auto-complete the long file name.) For example the filename would look like:
setup.exe /download configurationFileName.xml
The download will be “silent” – it will take about 10 minutes to download the installer to the c:\admin\ODT\Office folder.
Once the download completes, the cmd prompt will be waiting for input again. Next run the setup.exe, except this time, with the /configure switch (again, reference your .xml file.) The /configure switch will process and install your applications as demonstrated in the following screenshot. For example the command would look like the following:
setup.exe /configure ConfigurationFileName.xml
When it finishes both the click to run Office365 will be installed as well as the Visio Volume License MAK version.
We’re done! Now if we need to do another install on a different computer of our Office365+Visio, we can copy the deployment tool and the .xml file to the computer and run the command prompt installer again.
Recently a client complained that an Office 365 account had sent out spam messages to a number of clients. Later, the suspect account which had been sending spam could no longer send or receive email. However upon first glance at the mailbox, sent messages were sitting in the sent items folder, and messages sent to the account in question were not receiving bounce-back failures, but the messages sent to the affected account were not in the inbox. After we changed the password to the account, and enabled 2FA on the account we could still not send and receive mail. Below are the steps used to resolve this particular issue. In short, a malicious inbox rule had been created and outbound messages had been blocked by Microsoft.
Log into the tenant’s Admin console with an Administrative account, and change the password of the affected account.
Log into the affected account as the user using the new password.
Click on the Gear icon and then under Your app settings, click Mail.
4. One in the Mail app Settings, go to Mail > Automatic Processing > Inbox and Sweep rules.
Here we can see a malicious rule had been created to mark all inbound mail as Read and move the message to the “RSS Subscriptions” folder:
5. Uncheck and turn off any malicious or invalid rules.
Also check for any new forwarding rules in Mail > Accounts > Forwarding:
6. When we look in our “RSS Subscriptions” folder we find some messages from Microsoft indicating the account has been blocked from sending mail because the account was flagged as sending spam:
Your message couldn't be delivered because you weren't recognized as a valid sender. The most common reason for this is that your email address is suspected of sending spam and it's no longer allowed to send messages outside of your organization. Contact your email admin for assistance.
Remote Server returned '550 5.1.8 Access denied, bad outbound sender. For more information please go to http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=875724. S(9333) [DM5PR10MB1914.namprd10.prod.outlook.com]'
7. To resolve this issue, we’ll need to go into the Action Center. Log into the Admin console > Admin Centers > Exchange > Protection > Action Center
8. In the Action center, we’ll find an issue flagged regarding our hacked user account. Take action on the issue and after a while due to permission propagation, it may take up to 2 hours for the account to be re-enabled for sending mail again.
9. It might be a good idea to contact Microsoft Support if you continue to experience problems with a user account sending spam. Changing the password should prevent malicious access. Most like the account had been phished or the computer the user has was compromised by a virus/malware or spyware. It’s recommended that the account have two-factor authentication or multi-factor authentication enabled to prevent the account from being hacked again.
tag: outlook cannot send or receive email but sent mail is in sent items folder
After having created a Resource Room in the Office365 Admin console (with an Enterprise E1 license,) you may find that meetings which are created in Outlook and which are sent, are not automatically processing and sending verification confirmations back to the person that created the event. Nor will new events populate the event in the new room’s Outlook calendar. In this case, there are a few things we can check to ensure the room behaves as intended.
First, after creating the room, ensure that you, as an admin, are set as an owner of the room. Under O365 > Admin Center > Rooms and Resources > place a checkmark next to the room in question. Ensure that Allow repeating meetings and Automatic Processing is On. Then, click on Edit Exchange Settings:
2. In this example, we don’t use booking delegates. In the Exchange Settings for the new resource room, make sure Booking requests are accepted automatically.
3. Edit the booking options, contact information, email address, and mailtip settings to your preferences and then click on Mailbox Delegation. Here, add yourself under Full Access so that we can go on to our next step.
4. Next, log into your own OWA admin Outlook online inbox. In Outlook, click your profile photo in the upper right corner and click “Open another mailbox.” Type the address of the room and open the webmail for the room.
5. Here you may see some emails of previous attempts to book events like the following with the error “Your calendar couldn’t be checked to see whether this event conflicts with other events.“:
6. This error lets us know that automatic processing is not working even though we have it set to “On” in our first step. Had the processing worked correctly, we wouldn’t even see this event email in the mailbox of the room in question.
7. In the upper right corner, click the Gear icon, then under Your app settings, click Calendar.
8. In the calendar resource scheduling settings, ensure that under the scheduling options, “Automatically process event invitations and cancellations” is checked, and then click Save.
9. In theory, these settings should be enough to get the calendar to auto process and verify, however, your results may vary. Test by creating a meeting event in outlook with the new room. When you send the meeting, you should receive a verification email in your inbox in less than a minute. If you don’t receive the verification, check the inbox of the calendar again. You’ll probably find more emails with the “Your calendar couldn’t be checked…” errors.
12. It’s helpful to first get a list of all calendar processing objects of a room that already works correctly to refer to when editing your new room’s permissions. If you don’t already have a room that you can reference, below is a list of my room that is not behaving normally:
13. Notice that ProcessExternalMeetingMessages is set to False. Let’s change this to True with the following command:
14. After making this and a few other changes displayed in the following screenshot, go ahead and try creating another test meeting and see if the autoprocessing behaves as it should. If you’re still having trouble, try referring to the screenshot below as an example, and use the “Set-CalendarProcessing” command to edit the values.
15. Once you successfully receive verifications and the calendar populates with events as it should, you may want to set the calendar to display the owner of the event and details of the event (rather than the event is listed in the calendar as only “Busy”.) To do so, follow the instructions I wrote in my article here.
Occasionally we’ll be required to set a user account on Office365 to never expire. It’s not advisable to perform this action, as a compromised account who’s passwords never expires can be a liability. However, in some cases a utility account such as a scanner/copier or kiosk account may require a password that does not change. The following tutorial will show you how to set an Office365 password to never expire using PowerShell.
First, we’ll want to ensure that the account password is not already set to expire and we want to confirm it’s status. Using PowerShell we can get information about an Office365 user account password expiration status.
1. Connect to Microsoft Online Services with PowerShell by running the following commands:
2. Next, replace <UserID> with the user account (email address) of the user’s properties we want to get with the following command:
When attempting to move files in SharePoint Online Office365 from one folder to another you may find that you get errors or the moving process times out or fails with the error:
Error: We couldn't move the file because it's locked for editing or has been modified or deleted.
What has happened is some of the files in these folders have been marked as “checked out” or “locked”. This may have been done erroneously by a user or the status was corrupted when the files were originally uploaded into SharePoint.
Once the files are checked in, you can move them. As an alternative to moving the files, you may also be able to “Copy To…”, and then delete the original files. Again, you may not be able to delete the files you copied because the files you want to delete in SharePoint may also be locked or checked-out.
This is what worked for me:
Use your favorite web browser and log into your SharePoint site (e.g. https://companyname.sharepoint.com/sites/sitename.
Browse to the problem folders that contain files that you cannot move to another folder.
In the folders, you should find files that are “checked out”. The files will have a green arrow icon next to the file icon.
Place a checkmark next to the file that is checked out.
In the menu at the top-right choose “…”
In the “…” menu, click “Discard check out”
Now try moving the file with the following sequence:
If the problem files are Word/Excel files, you may need to Open the files in Word or Excel first, in order to check them back in.
At some point, a user’s mailbox will reach the default quota for Enterprise E1 default of 50 GB, and they will have to either move mail into an archive or delete mail to continue to receive email. The user may receive the warning:
Your mailbox is near the maximum storage limit. Archive or delete items to create additional free space.
Our options at this point is to do one of three things: Upgrade the user’s license from E1 to E3 to double the mailbox size, permanently delete mail out of the mailbox, or archive the mail. Microsoft provides 50 additional GB of archive space for an E1 license (this number is subject to change.)
In many instances, the user may not want to delete any mail and would prefer to archive the mail. In my opinion, the ideal way to handle archiving is to create an online archive, rather than create .pst files on the local machine which could end up getting lost or deleted. Also managing local .pst archive files can be a pain. And lastly, if the archive is only available as a .pst file in the user’s PC, the archived mail will not be available from webmail or a different device.
If we want to create an online archive for the user on Office 365, there are a few simple steps to take in the Office 365 Admin console.
Log into the Office365 Admin console, then click on Admin centers > Security and Compliance:
Next, on the navigation bar, expand Data Governance, and click Archive
Now on the right-hand pane, we will see all of our mailboxes and find out if the Archive Mailbox for Office 365 is enabled or disabled.
To enable the archive on a disabled user’s mailbox, first select the user. If we have a lot of users, do a search for the user’s name and then highlight the correct mailbox we want to change.
We can see in the screenshot above, my account already has Archive mailbox: enabled. If the account’s archive had been disabled, we would simply click the Enable link. When we click enable, we will get the following Warning:
If you enable this person's archive mailbox, items in their mailbox that are older than two years will be moved to the new archive. Are you sure you want to enable this archive mailbox? Yes No
9. Click Yes.
10. What happens next is, as the warning states, mail that is over 2 years old will begin to be archived. We will also get some new features in both Outlook online, as well as in Outlook 2016/Outlook 2013. We can wait for the auto-archiving to take place, but we can also take some immediate action to archive old mail online.
11. Pretty much immediately in Outlook online, we will get new Archive buttons, and an archive folder here:
We won’t see the archive buttons until we click on an individual message. If we do click on a message and select it, we will see the Archive button available.
12. We can also select multiple emails and then right-click on the highlighted messages. A wizard will appear on the screen. Click the Archive button to move these emails to the archive folder.
13. If reducing the size of the mailbox immediately is our goal, we can start by archiving our largest emails first. At the top of the mail folder, whether it be the inbox, Sent Items, or Deleted Items folder, we’d click the Filter button > Sort by > Size.
14. Select the “Enormous” items first by clicking on the top email, hold down the Shift button, then select the bottom email and it will highlight all of the messages in between. Next, right-click and choose Archive.
15. In the desktop version of Outlook 2013/2016, only after a few hours will we have our new Archive folder available. This may take up to 24 hours depending on the speed of replication of settings from Office 365 down to the client. Once the folder is available, however, I find the process of moving mail out of the inbox, sent items or cut/paste of subfolders into the archive much easier.
I don’t have mail over 2 years old in my mailbox, so I’m not sure if it will automatically create subfolders dependent on where they originally lived so let me know in the comments if you notice automatic folder creation.
In order for someone to find an old message, they will only need to search their mailbox in Outlook online or Search Archive in Outlook 2013/2016.
On Office365 SharePoint, when trying to open a file in the Windows File Explorer, you might get something similar to the following error:
An error occurred while reconnecting Z: to (sharepoint location) - Web Client Network: Access Denied. Before opening files in this location you must first add the web site to your trusted sites list, browse to the web site, and select the option to login automatically. The connection has not been restored.
….or clicking the Open With Explorer button does nothing, or the button is greyed out.
If the button is greyed out using Windows 10 Edge, you might find things work better using the Internet Explorer web browser. Edge does not support Active X controls. So instead, Click on the the Start button, type in Internet Explorer, find and open Internet Explorer (11), and try again.